June 15, 2022, Microsoft will officially withdraw Internet Explorer after more than 25 years of existence. This is a natural continuation of Microsoft’s strategy when they launched Edge, their new browser with Windows 10, to slowly replace IE and compete with modern browsers like Chrome or Firefox. Is Edge a competitor to Google Chrome, or will the threat come from another company?
Mozilla Firefox: privacy issues
Prior to the launch of Edge, Firefox was Google Chrome’s main competitor; in 2009, it held 31.56% of the market share, but has since seen a significant and constant decline in its number of users.
Mozilla’s goal is to provide strong security and privacy features. To do this, they guarantee independence vis-à-vis the major data mining suppliers and a reading mode without advertising. In addition, Mozilla offers many customizations in Firefox and a download protection system.
Considering all of this information, Firefox should be the leader as it is clearly the best browser in terms of key features offered. Unfortunately, that’s not how it works, and Google has some major strengths up its sleeve.
Chrome, the giant
The giant Google has slowly integrated its many services into our daily lives, and Chrome is no exception. By allowing users to link their Google account (i.e. Youtube accounts, which is the largest content creation platform to date), they have made this browser a must-have for many users. , with centralized functionality accessible on any device, including Android smartphones. Whether you use it to read articles, research facts, or research entertainment on Netflix, Steam, or a Pay n Play site, you are one of the 3.04 billion people who use it.
In 2021, Chrome held 63.58% of all market share across all devices.
Edge, Microsoft’s new hope
With Windows 10, Microsoft launched its new browser and had it preinstalled Edge. Its introductory strategy is similar to Internet Explorer at the time, which was also pre-installed.
In January 2020, it became entirely chrome-based in its “Stable” version. This version includes and improves key features such as:
the possibility of installing extensions, a safe navigation mode for your children, data synchronization and the integration of personalized functions on the Apple Touch Bar.
Microsoft also responded to one of Internet Explorer’s biggest complaints, speed, which had become a meme to poke fun at IE. Edge on its latest version is faster than Chrome and Firefox (average score of: 125.63 pages executed per minute; against 105.17 for Chrome and 92.1 for Firefox). In August 2021, Edge had a 3.56% market share, placing it just above Firefox.
Chrome is largely the market leader and Edge is trying to catch up. Even though recent issues with Chrome’s data leak scandals may have given more market share to browsers like Firefox or Brave, which emphasize data security and privacy, this was about a small percentage of users. In fact, Firefox has been losing users on a regular basis since 2009.